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Horse betting terms forecast weather understanding spread betting football squares

Horse betting terms forecast weather

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Canadian Also known as a Super Yankee. A Canadian is a combination bet consisting of 26 bets with 5 selections in different events. The combination bet is made up of 10 doubles, 10 trebles, five 4-folds and one 5-fold. Card Another term for fixture or race meeting. Caulk Projection on the bottom of a shoe to give the horse better traction, especially on a wet track. Chalk Wagering favorite in a race. Dates from the days when on-track bookmakers would write current odds on a chalkboard.

Chalk Player Bettor who wagers on favorites. Chase See 'Steeplechase'. Checked A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters. Chute Extension of the backstretch or homestretch to allow a longer straight run. Client US Purchaser of betting information from horseman or other tipster. Close US Final odds on a horse e. Confusingly equates to 'Starting Price' in the UK. Closer A horse that runs best in the latter part of the race closing race , coming from off the pace.

Co-Favorites Where three or more competitors share the status as favorite. Colors Colours Racing silks, the jacket and cap worn by jockeys. Silks can be generic and provided by the track or specific to one owner. Colt An ungelded entire male horse four-years-old or younger. Conditional Jockey Same as 'Apprentice' but also allowed to jump.

Correct Weight Horses are allocated a weight to carry that is checked before and, for at least the placegetters, after a race. Correct weight must be signaled before bets can be paid out. Daily Double Type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second. See 'Late Double'. Daily Racing Form A daily newspaper containing racing information including news, past performance data and handicapping.

Daily Triple A wager where the bettor must select the winner of three consecutive races. Dead Heat A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race. Dead Track Racing surface lacking resiliency. Declaration Of Weights The publication of weights allocated to each horse nominated for a race by the handicapper. Declared In the United States, a horse withdrawn from a stakes race in advance of scratch time.

In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race. Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse. Derby A stakes event for three-year-olds. Distanced Well beaten, finishing a long distance behind the winner. Dog US The underdog in any betting proposition. Dog Player US A bettor who mainly wagers on the underdog. Double Selecting the winners in two specific races.

Draw Refers to a horse's placing in the starting stalls. For flat racing only. Stall numbers are drawn at random. Driving Strong urging by rider. Dual Forecast A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first two to finish in either order. Back to Top. An each way bet is when you have the same amount on the horse for a win and for a place.

Bookmakers will give you one quarter of the win odds for a place in fields of eight or more and one third of the win odds in fields of six or seven horses. Each Way Double Two separate bets of a win double and a place double. Each Way Single Two bets. The first is for the selection to win; the second for it to be placed each way. Eclipse Award Thoroughbred racing's year-end awards, honoring the top horses in 11 separate categories.

Enclosure The area where the Runners gather for viewing before and after the race. Equibase Company A partnership between The Jockey Club and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations to establish and maintain an industry-owned, central database of racing records. Equibase past-performance information is used in track programs across North America. Evenly Neither gaining nor losing position or distance during a race.

Even Money Bet or Evens A bet. Exacta Also, Perfecta A wager that picks the first two finishers in a race in the exact order of finish. Straight Forecast in the UK. Exacta Box A wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are covered.

Exotic wager Any wager other than win, place or show. Exposure The amount of money one actually stands to lose on a game or race. Extended Forced to run at top speed. False Favorite A horse that is a race favorite despite being outclassed by others. Faltered A horse that was in contention early in the race but drops back in the late stages. Fast track Optimum condition for a dirt track that is dry, even, resilient and fast. Favorite The most popular horse in a race, which is quoted at the lowest odds because it is deemed to have the best chance of winning the race.

Feature Races Top races. Fence The inside fence is the inside running rail around the race track, while the outside fence is the outside running rail. Field 1 All the runners in a race. This is known as favorite vs the field betting and is common in horse and golf betting. Field Horse Two or more starters running as a single betting unit, when there are more entrants than positions on the totalisator board can accommodate.

Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger. Firm track A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track. A firm, resilient surface. First Up The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation. Fixed Odds Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet. Fixture See 'Meeting'. Flag A bet consisting of 23 bets a 'Yankee' plus 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections in different event.

Flash US Change of odds information on tote board. Flat race Contested on level ground as opposed to a steeplechase. Flatten Out When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his body, generally from exhaustion. Foal A baby horse, usually refers to either a male or female horse from birth to January 1st of the following year.

Fold When preceded by a number, a fold indicates the number of selections in an accumulator e. Forecast A wager that involves correctly predicting the 1st and 2nd for a particular event. This bet can be straight, reversed or permed. USA, Perfecta or Exacta. Form Statistics of previous performance and comment as to the expected current performance of a runner, useful in deciding which runner to bet on.

Form Player A bettor who makes selections from past-performance records. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible. Frozen track A condition of a racetrack where any moisture present is frozen. Full Cover All the doubles, trebles and accumulators involved in a given number of selections. Furlong One-eighth of a mile or yards or feet approx.

Futures Also, Ante Post Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event. Gait Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing. The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running. The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait.

Gate Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from. Gelding A male horse that has been castrated. Gentleman Jockey Amateur rider, generally in steeplechases. Going The condition of the racecourse firm, heavy, soft, etc. Good track Condition between fast and slow, generally a bit wet. A dirt track that is almost fast or a turf course slightly softer than firm. Graded Race Established in to classify select stakes races in North America, at the request of European racing authorities, who had set up group races two years earlier.

Capitalized when used in race title the Grade I Kentucky Derby. See 'Group Race' below. Graduate Winning for the first time. Green An inexperienced horse. Group Race An elite group of races. Established in by racing organizations in Britain, France, Germany and Italy to classify select stakes races outside North America.

Collectively called 'Pattern Races'. Equivalent to North American graded races. Always denoted with Arabic numerals 1, 2, or 3. Capitalized when used in race title the Group 1 Epsom Derby. See 'Graded Race' above. Hand Four inches. A horse's height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder withers to the ground, e. Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands.

Handicap 1 Race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried. Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis.. Handicapper The official who decides the weights to be carried in handicap events, and the grading of horses and greyhounds. Hand Ride The jockey urges a horse with the hands and arms without using the whip.

Hard track A condition of a turf course where there is no resiliency to the surface. Head A margin between horses. One horse leading another by the length of its head. Head Of The Stretch Beginning of the straight run to the finish line. Heavy track Wettest possible condition of a turf course, similar to muddy but slower; not usually found in North America. Hedge The covering of a bet with a second bet. Hedging A bet made by a cautious bookie on a horse on which he has accepted large bets - in order to cut his losses if the horse wins also known as a 'lay-off bet'.

Heinz A Heinz is a multiple bet consisting of 57 bets involving 6 selections in different events. The multiple bet breakdown is 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15x4-folds, 6x5-folds and one 6-fold. High Weight Highest weight assigned or carried in a race. Home Turn The final turn a horse must travel around before entering the home straight in the run to the finish line. Horse When reference is made to sex, a 'horse' is an ungelded male five-years-old or older.

Hung A horse holding the same position, unable to make up distance on the winner. Impost Weight carried or assigned. In Hand Running under moderate control, at less than best pace. Inquiry Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules.

Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions. If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection. In The Money Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms.

Investor A bettor. A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator. Joint Favourites When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge The person who declares the official placing for each race. Juice The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig.

Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly The favourite in a race. Judge The official who determines the finishing order of a race. Juvenile Two-year-old horse. Key Horse The main expected winning horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager. Late Double A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program.

See 'Daily Double' above. Lay Off, Layoff Bets made by one bookmaker with another bookmaker, in an effort to reduce his liability in respect of bets already laid by him with investors. Leg In To nominate one runner to win with a selection of other runners. Quinella bet with selection 4 to win, from runners 5, 7, 8 and 9 to come second, in any order. Length A measurement approximating the length of a horse from nose to tail, about 8 feet, used to denote distance between horses in a race.

For example, "Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths". Lengthen The opposite of 'Shorten'. Referred to odds getting longer, that is, more attractive to the bettor. Listed Race A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality. Lock As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner. Easy winner. Long Odds More than Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race.

Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older. Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting.

Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters. Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet. The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races.

Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races. Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins. Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt. Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them.

Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'. Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting. Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'.

National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing. Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck.

Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor. Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by. Called a short head in Britain. Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses. Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females.

Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race. If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit. The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins. Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e.

When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds.

Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers. Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses. Odds-On Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars.

That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. On The Board Finishing among the first three.

On The Nose Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey. Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third.

Outsider A horse that is not expected to win. An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. Overlay A horse going off at higher odds than it appears to warrant based on its past performances. Overnight Race A race in which entries close a specific number of hours before running such as 48 hours , as opposed to a stakes race for which nominations close weeks and sometimes months in advance.

Over The Top When a horse is considered to have reached its peak for that season. Overweight Surplus weight carried by a horse when the rider cannot make the assigned weight. Pacesetter The horse that is running in front on the lead. Paddock Area where horses are saddled and kept before post time. Panel A slang term for a furlong. Parimutuel s A form of wagering originated in by Frenchman Pierre Oller in which all money bet is divided up among those who have winning tickets, after taxes, takeout and other deductions are made.

Oller called his system 'Parier Mutuel' meaning 'Mutual Stake' or 'betting among ourselves'. As this wagering method was adopted in England it became known as 'Paris Mutuals', and soon after 'Parimutuels'. Parlay Also, Accumulator A multiple bet. All the selections made must win for you to win the parlay. Part Wheel Using a key horse or horses in different, but not all possible, exotic wagering combinations.

Pasteboard Track A lightning fast racing surface. Patent A multiple bet consisting of 7 bets involving 3 selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus 3 doubles and 1 treble. Penalty A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse. Permutations It is possible to Perm bets or selections e. Phone Betting A service enabling punters to bet on horses with bookmakers by using telephones.

Phone TAB Another phone betting service, provided by a totalisator which allows people with special betting accounts to place bets via the telephone. Much the same as a bank account, you must have a credit balance to be able to place a bet. The cost of the investment is debited to your account, and winning dividends and refunds are automatically credited to your account. Photo Finish A photo is automatically taken as the horses pass the winning line and when the race is too close to be judged the photo is used to determine the order of finish.

Picks Betting selections, usually by an expert. Pick Six or more A type of wager in which the winners of all the included races must be selected. Pitch The position where a bookmaker conducts his business on a racecourse. Place Finish in the top two, top three, top four and sometimes also top five in a competition or event. A Place bet will win if the selection you bet on is among those placed. Usually, a horse runs a place if it finishes in the first three in fields of eight or more horses.

If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place. Different sportsbooks have different Place terms and you should check their rules before placing a bet. In US, 2nd place finish. Pole s Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish.

The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start. Pool Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet. Post 1 Starting point for a race. For example, "He drew post four". For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts". Post Position Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts. Post Time Designated time for a race to start. Price The odds. Protest When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race.

If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt Another term for bet or wager. Punter Bettor or investor. Pull Up To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout. Quadrella Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races. While no one actually owns the weather, financial regulators constrain the ability to wager on upcoming weather events.

For example, sports leagues do not own sporting events. If you think you have heard this before, you might have. Indeed, perhaps one of the most infamous corporations in US history was heavily involved in trading on the weather: Enron. There are a variety of weather-related products that investors and traders use, in addition to investing in commodities affected by weather events. Such a derivative can be used to hedge risks related to the demand for heating fuel or electricity.

One of the arguments made by some not me against treating sports betting as a product that should be regulated like other financial products: it does not provide a legitimate hedging opportunity like other derivatives, such as weather products. Weather derivatives offer businesses and traders the opportunity to hedge the risk associated with the negative impact of a weather-related event. The creation of weather derivative markets is relatively new, conceptualized mainly in the s with the first contract being executed in But contracts are also available for rain, snowfall, and wind speed.

Everyone gets into trading via a different interest. Like with gambling markets, consumers need to be aware of the reputability of trading platforms. While some sports betting or online casino sites might offer betting on weather derivatives, it appears unlikely that those platforms are registered and regulated by the CFTC or another regulator. Thus, they risk running afoul of regulators enforcing registration requirements and other rules.

That said, there are trading platforms in the US that are regulated by the CFTC that operate legally and permit qualified individuals to trade weather derivatives. Sports betting sites that offer wagering on weather events are likely doing so without proper registration via the appropriate authorities and risk enforcement actions.


Horses usually have a season or two over hurdles before progressing to fences, though some continue to specialise in hurdling and never run over fences, while some horses go straight over fences without trying hurdles first. Independent Arbitration Betting Service.

An arbitration service that deals with betting disputes between punters and bookmakers. Betting on the outcome of a race during the race itself, rather than beforehand. This type of betting is particularly popular on the betting exchanges, though it is also offered by many bookmakers.

In-running odds can change rapidly as the race unfolds. A two-year-old horse. Every horse officially turns two on January 1, at the start of the second full calendar year following its birth e. The youngest category of hurdler — juvenile hurdlers are those that turn four years of age on January 1 during the season in which they start hurdling. The Jackpot is a tote bet that requires the selection of the winners of the first six races at a selected meeting. The minimum bet is 50p.

Term used to refer to when one jockey is replaced by another on a horse he usually rides or for which he has already been booked to ride in a particular race. If two horses have the shortest odds in the betting, they are described as joint-favourites; if three or more horses have the shortest odds, they are co-favourites.

Racecourse official responsible for declaring the finishing order of a race and the distances between the runners. A unit of measurement for the distances between each horse at the finish of a race; the measurement of a horse from head to tail.

When all horses are carrying the same weight. Major championship races, such as the Derby on the Flat or the Cheltenham Gold Cup over jumps, are run at level weights. There are still some allowances for age and sex e. A surcharge collected from bookmakers, based on their turnover or gross profits, which goes towards prize-money, improvements to racecourses, and other areas such as scientific research.

The body responsible for this is the Levy Board. A horse that has yet to win a race; maiden races are restricted to such horses, though sometimes the conditions of the race allow previous winners e. For maidens aged three or above that have run at least four times and have a maximum rating of A race for two-year-olds by stallions that had one or more yearling sold in the previous year with a median price not exceeding a specified figure.

On the Flat, races beyond a mile and up to 1m6f are the middle distances. A middle-distance horse is one that runs mainly over such distances or is regarded as being suitable for those distances. A horse that is prevented by the jockey from running to its full ability. A race for novices sold at public auction as yearlings or two-year-olds for a price not exceeding a specified figure.

Names cannot be longer than 18 characters including spaces and must not be the same, in spelling or pronunciation, as a name already registered. In theory, a betting book can be fairly weighted between bookmaker and punter. However, to ensure a profit margin, a bookmaker will alter the odds in their favour. Overround is a means of expressing to what extent the odds are in favour of the bookmaker. When a horse carries more than its allocated weight, due to the jockey being unable to make that weight.

This is usually a disadvantage, though sometimes the trainer of a horse may decide to accept overweight in order to have one of the best jockeys on board his horse. Betting odds where the potential winnings are higher than the stake. The numerator is larger than the denominator e. Betting odds where the stake is higher than the potential winnings if the bet is successful. The denominator is larger than the numerator e.

Describes a horse running comfortably, still having a bite on the bit. When handicap races are framed, there is a maximum and minimum weight that horses can carry. A horse that is entered in a race with the intention that it will set the pace for another horse with the same connections.

Connections of the horses gather in the centre of the paddock before each race and jockeys mount before taking the horses out onto the racecourse. Before major races, the horses often line up in racecard order numerical order and led in front of the grandstands to allow racegoers to see them. At the end of the parade the horses are released to canter down to the start.

Multiple bet consisting of seven bets involving three selections in different events. A single on each selection, plus three doubles and one treble. One successful selection guarantees a return. The grading system for the most important races, introduced on the Flat in and later for jumps racing. The top races on the Flat are Group 1, followed by Group 2 and Group 3 the next highest category is Listed, which, while not technically part of the Pattern, combine with Group races under the heading of black-type races.

Additional weight carried by a horse on account of previous wins. Horsename ex6. In a close race, where the placings cannot be determined easily, the result is determined by the judge by examination of a photograph taken by a camera on the finishing line. When a horse is unsettled during the early part of a race and uses too much energy, fighting the jockey by pulling against the bridle. White plastic rails are used to mark out the track on a racecourse.

The stands rails are those nearest the grandstand and the far rails are those on the opposite side of the track from the grandstand. This refers to the fence separating the Members area on a racecourse from the Tattersalls area. Bookmakers are not allowed in the Members area, but some bookmakers are allowed to set up their pitches on the Tattersalls side of the rails, allowing them to accept bets.

Rails bookmakers are the top end of the racecourse betting market, usually dealing with credit customers. A measure of the ability of a horse on a scale starting at zero and going into three figures. Flat Jump racing use different scales; the highest-rated Flat horse is usually in the s and the top-rated jumper in the s. Tattersalls Rule 4 c : One of the most commonly invoked betting rules, dealing with deductions from winning bets in the event of any withdrawn runner s from a race.

The rule applies to winning bets struck at prices e. The rate of deductions is in proportion to the odds of the non-runner s at the time of the withdrawal. A horse that specialises in running over the shortest distances five and six furlongs on the Flat. Member of a team employed to load horses into the stalls for Flat races and to move the stalls to the correct position for the start of each race. Often abbreviated to SP.

The starting prices are the final odds prevailing at the time the race starts and are used to determine the payout to winning punters, unless a punter took a specified price at the time of placing the bet. A race over fences, open ditches and water jumps, run over distances from two miles up to four and a half miles. One of the officials in overall charge of a race meeting, including disciplinary procedures.

The stewards can hold inquiries into possible infringements of the rules of racing, or hear objections to the race result from beaten jockeys. Usually there are three stewards at each race meeting, assisted by a stipendiary steward. The stewards are appointed by the racecourse, subject to approval by the BHA, and are often prominent local figures much like magistrates. A hearing held by the stewards into a race to determine whether the rules of racing have been broken.

On a racecourse, where stewards hold inquiries. Also known as a Stipe. Unlike raceday stewards, Stipes are professionals employed by the BHA and one is sent to each meeting to assist the stewards and advise on the rules of racing. Major races such as the Derby, which have an early initial entry date and several forfeit stages, often allow additional entries to be made in the week leading up to the race, subject to a substantial fee.

A horse entered at this stage is known as a supplementary entry and the fee payable is known as the supplementary entry fee. Supplementary entries mean that a major race can have the best possible field, as a horse may not be deemed worthy of a Derby entry as a yearling possibly on account of its pedigree or because the owner is not among the echelon of the super-rich but then shows unexpected ability once its racing career has started.

Low-class race in which the winner is offered at auction afterwards; other horses in the race may be claimed for a fixed sum. The racecourse receives a percentage of the selling price of each horse. A horse that is entered in a selling plate because it is not expected to win in any higher grade, or because it can do well against moderate opposition, which may result in a betting coup.

The horse has to be re-shod by a farrier, often delaying the start of the race. The enclosure next in status to Members. Those choosing this enclosure have access to the main betting area and the paddock. The sign language used by bookmakers to communicate changes in betting odds on the racecourse. Tic-tacs wear white gloves and signal the odds using their hands and arms. Government-owned pool betting company, established in , principally offering tote odds but also fixed odds.

Contributes a large sum to racing each year. Full name: the Horserace Totalisator Board. Introduced in Britain in to offer pool betting on racecourses. Odds fluctuate according to the pattern of betting and betting ceases when the race starts. The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race.

A trainer must hold a license or permit to be entitled to train. A three-leg accumulator. All three selections must be successful to get a return; the winnings from the first selection automatically go on to the second and then on to the third. Another term for the distance of a race.

Winning all three races is a rare feat, last achieved by a colt Nijinsky in and by a filly Oh So Sharp in Multiple bet consisting of four bets involving three selections in different events. The bet includes three doubles and one treble. A minimum of two selections must be successful to get a return.

Two-year-old horses are also known as juveniles, and this is the first age at which horses are allowed to compete on the Flat the youngest racing age over jumps is three years old. The moment a race is about to begin. Similar to blinkers, but with a slit in each eye cup to allow some lateral vision.

Each jockey wearing his racing kit and carrying his saddle must stand on official weighing scales before and after the race, so that the Clerk of the Scales can check that the jockey is carrying the correct weight allotted to his horse. If a jockey is above the allotted weight before the race, his horse can still compete but must carry overweight.

This confirms the race result and at this point bookmakers will pay out on successful bets. A cloth with pockets for lead weights placed under the saddle to ensure that a horse carries its allotted weight. A graduated scale that shows how horses of differing ages progress month by month during the racing season, the differences being expressed in terms of weight.

This allows horses of differing ages to compete against each other on a fair basis, based on their age and maturity, in what are known as weight-for-age races. Lead placed in a weight cloth. A single bet on a horse to finish first. Win only markets signify that no each-way betting is available. A stable employee, not necessarily a licensed jockey, who rides horses in training on the gallops.

A race involving only one horse. The horse and its jockey must past the winning post to be declared the winner. Multiple bet consisting of 11 bets six doubles, four trebles and one four-fold on four selections in different events. At least two selections must be successful to get a return.

Twitter Instagram YouTube Facebook. Mobile Menu. Jargon Buster. Table of Contents. A Abandoned A race meeting which has been cancelled due to bad weather. Age All thoroughbreds have their birthdays on 1 January. Allowance Inexperienced riders apprentices, conditionals and amateurs are allowed a weight concession to compensate for their lack of experience against their colleagues.

Amateur A non-professional jockey who does not receive a fee for riding in a race, denoted on the racecard by the prefix Mr, Mrs, Miss, Captain etc. Antepost For many major races you can place your bet well in advance of the day. Apprentice A trainee Flat jockey connected to the stable of a licensed trainer. Auction maiden For two-year-olds sold at public auction as yearlings or two-year-olds, for a price not exceeding a specified figure. B Breeze-Up Type of auction, usually for two-year-olds, at which the horses for sale run for a short distance to allow prospective buyers to assess them.

Bridle, won on the Won easily, without being hard ridden or challenged by other horses. Broke down When a horse sustains an injury during a race. Broodmare Mare kept at stud for breeding, and not usually raced, although likely to have done so when younger. Brought down A horse that falls during a race when impeded by another horse.

Bumper A Flat race run under Jump Rules, used to educate young prospective jumps horses before they tackle hurdles or fences. Bumping Interference during a race where one horse collides with another. Bismarck Betting term used to describe a favourite that bookmakers expect to lose and are therefore happy to lay. Black horse colour The horse is a uniform black colour except possible white markings on its head and lower legs.

Blanket Finish When the horses finish so close to the winning line you could theoretically put a single blanket across them. Bleeder A horse that tends to break blood vessels during a race. Blinds Another name for blinkers. Blinkers A form of headgear worn by the horse, consisting of a hood with cups around the eyes. Bloodstock sales The sale of horses at auction. Board prices The generally available odds displayed on the boards of on-course bookmakers. Book A record of the bets made on a particular race or other sporting event.

Also known as a bookie. Bottle The tic-tac bookmaking term for Boxed in A horse that cannot overtake another horse because it is blocked by other horses. Break a horse in Teaching a young horse to accept riding equipment and carry a rider. Breather Restraining or easing off on a horse for a short distance to permit him to fill his lungs during the race. Breeder Someone that breeds racehorses. They own the dam mother at time foal is born.

Breeze Galloping a horse at a moderate speed. Banker The horse expected to win — usually a short priced favourite. Betting market A market is created, according to demand, by the prices offered for each runner by bookmakers. Betting Ring The main area at a racecourse where the bookmakers operate. Colt Ungelded entire male horse below five years of age. Combination bet accumulator A bet involving more than one horse with the winnings from each selection going on to the next horse.

Conditional jockey A Jump jockey, under 26, who receives a weight allowance for inexperience until he has ridden a certain number of winners. Conditions race A race in which horses are allotted extra weight according to factors including sex, age, whether they are a previous winner etc. Connections People associated with a horse, such as the owner and trainer. Course specialist A horse that is proven at a track in previous races. Covered up When a jockey keeps a horse behind other runners to prevent it running too freely in the early stages of a race.

Covering The mating of horses. Cut in the ground A description of the ground condition where the racing surface has been softened by rain. Cockle The tic-tac bookmaking term for Co-favourite A horse that shares its position at the head of the betting market with at least two other horses.

Carpet The tic-tac bookmaking term for Double carpet is Chaser A horse that takes part in steeplechase races. Chestnut Horse colour varying from light, washy yellow to dark liver orange, and in between are red, gold and liver shades. Chute Extension of racecourse, usually at the top of the home straight, to allow straight run from the start. Claimer jockey An apprentice Flat jockey.

Classic Group of historic major races for three-year-olds in the Flat season. Clerk of the Course Racecourse official responsible for the overall racecourse management, including the preparation of the racing surface. Clerk of the Scales Racecourse official whose chief duty is to weigh the riders before and after a race to ensure proper weight is carried.

Distance The margin by which a horse has won or has been beaten e. Double Consists of one bet involving two selections in different events. Double carpet The tic-tac bookmaking term for Drifter A horse whose odds get bigger just before the race due to a lack of support in the market. Dual forecast A bet where the aim is to select both the winner and runner-up in a race in either order.

Damsire broodmare The sire of a broodmare; in human terms, the maternal grandfather of a horse. Dark horse A horse regarded as having potential but whose full capabilities have not been revealed. Dead-heat A tie between two or more horses for first place, or for one of the other finishing positions. Decimal odds Used on the Tote and betting exchanges, instead of fractional odds. Declared runner A horse confirmed to start in a race at the final declarations stage. Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after the betting market has already opened, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse.

E Each-way A bet where half the total stake is for the selection to win and half is for the selection to be placed usually in the first three, but in big handicaps the places may extend to fourth or fifth. Entire horse An ungelded horse. F Fixed-odds betting Staking a set amount to win a set amount by multiplying the stake by the odds.

Fixture The race meeting Flat racing Racing without jumps. Foal A horse from birth to January 1 of the following year when it becomes a yearling. Forecast A bet where the aim is to select both the winner and runner-up in a race. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible.

Furlong yards one eighth of a mile. Fancied When a horse is expected to win or at least to be involved in the finish. Favourite The horse with the shortest odds in the race. Field The number of horses in a race or, in betting, all of the horses in a race except the favourite. Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger. Gallop Top gait for a horse — the speed they race at. Gallops Training ground where horses are exercised. GamCare The national centre for information, advice and practical help with regard to the social impact of gambling.

Gates The front section of the starting stalls, which open at the start of a Flat race to release the horses. Gelding A male horse that has been castrated. General Stud Book Register of all thoroughbred horses, maintained by Weatherbys.

Get the trip To stay the distance. Going The condition of the racing surface. Ranges from heavy to firm. Going down When horses are on their way to the start. Go through the card To have the winner of every race at a race meeting, either as a trainer, jockey, tipster or punter. Green Used to describe an immature or inexperienced horse. H Hacked up Describes a horse winning easily. Handicap A race where each horse is allotted a different weight to carry, according to the official handicap ratings determined by the BHA Handicappers.

Handicapper Official responsible for allocating a handicap rating to each horse that has qualified for one, and for allotting the weights to be carried by each horse in a handicap. Hard ridden Used to describe a horse whose jockey is expending full effort on the horse, and using his whip.

Headquarters Newmarket, traditionally seen as the home of Flat racing, is often called Headquarters. Home straight The length of straight track, from the final bend to the finish line. Hurdler A horse that races over hurdles, which are lighter and lower than fences. Hurdles The smaller obstacles on a jumps course.

Winters are not yet over for Delhi NCR. Valentine special week for Delhi, cosy days ahead may extend to next week. Uttarakhand remains snow deficit, February last week looks promising. Wetter Online. Delhi crosses 30 degrees mark after three months, earliest in last 15 years.

Weather update and forecast for February 12 across India. Top 10 coldest places in the plains of India on Thursday. Week-long good weather conditions for Uttarakhand, accelerated rescue operations can continue.

Tweets by SkymetWeather. Wednesday, January 22 Reply. Both the netizens had se… t. The January surplus for Uttarakhand could rise further considering there is a forecast of WesternDisturbance betw… t. According to senior meteorologists at Skymet, Uttarakhand can expect more tourism as snowfall in the state is exp… t.

Follow us skymetweather. Valentine special week for Delhi, cosy days ahead may extend to next week February 11, Uttarakhand remains snow deficit, February last week looks promising February 11, Delhi crosses 30 degrees mark after three months, earliest in last 15 years February 11, Weather update and forecast for February 12 across India February 11, Week-long good weather conditions for Uttarakhand, accelerated rescue operations can continue February 10,

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The multiple bet breakdown is horse or horses in different, 6x5-folds and one 6-fold. Judge The official who determines Bettor who specializes in large. Sports line betting football Horse betting terms forecast weather In harness racing is debited to your account, a horse would have run. Colors Colours Racing silks, the two specific races. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with on which the bookie will. An each way bet is starters running as a single 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections. Daily Double Type of wager the field if the race is taken off the turf of eight or more horses. Head A margin between horses. Like with gambling markets, consumers a ditch on the side. Part Wheel Using a key vs the field betting and is common in horse and.

Forecast and Tricast Betting Explained A forecast is a bet a number of selections to with horse and greyhound racing but becoming more common in other sports. Even a weather forecast, for example, is a prediction of the environmental. Horse Racing terms and Horse betting terms glossary for Off Track Betting. be able to stage it, or because of bad weather which made racing on the track unsafe. Dual Forecast: A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in. Online sportsbook Bovada has started to release daily odds on the weather forecasts in various places in the world. They're setting an.