3betting and facing a 3bet coupon

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3betting and facing a 3bet coupon legal sports betting in us states

3betting and facing a 3bet coupon

Only set-mine if the math is on your side with pot odds and implied odds. Your response must be dictated in part on how frequently your opponent makes aggressive pre-flop 3bets. Versus a Maniac mega-LAG who 3bets too frequently, we can 4bet and call with wider value ranges. Every bit of info you have against your opponent will only serve to improve your reaction to their 3bets. You can learn so much from their bet sizing and how they bet or checked or raised with their hand strength through the streets.

The smaller the 3bet you face, the more often you can call. The bigger the 3bet, the less often you can call as your hand needs more equity due to the worse pot odds being offered. You also want to consider calling with hands that have a better chance of realizing their equity.

The prior two factors, tendencies and sizing, give you important information that will help put your opponent on a range of 3beting hands. Are they only 3betting for value expecting you to call or 4bet with worse , or do they have bluffs mixed in their range and are hoping you fold? Position is a critical factor when deciding whether or not to defend against the 3bet. When you have a positional advantage, you can defend with 4bets and calls more liberally, and when OOP you must tighten up.

With a low SPR, your 3betting opponents are less likely to fold. Follow the steps that I outlined here. You need to know your open raising ranges ahead of time by position. Once created, divide them up between 4bets and calls. Over the next few weeks, test out the ranges in your play sessions and assess them afterwards. Make any necessary adjustments and get back to testing them again. Get the Smart HUD here. Jason Roberts and Mr. Go here to learn more and get your own copy. PokerTracker 4 affiliate link.

I discuss the leak of calling 3bets and losing money: the symptoms, how to diagnose and the statistics that help you track your leak plugging progress. There are 3 benefits that come with 3 betting pre-flop:. You have two choices when defending: 1 4bet or 2 Call. For most open raising ranges these 4bet hands are a very small part. So, what do you do with the rest of the hands? Calling puts you at a range disadvantage in the hand.

But, it is a necessary evil as calling has to be part of our strategy. Players get into danger versus 3bets by calling too often and seeing flops with weak and easily dominated hands. This pre-flop mistake leads to more post-flop mistakes, and losses due to mistakes are compounded in these bigger 3bet pots. There must be some -EV aspect to your 3bet calling decisions. As you go through each individual hand that comes through in the above-mentioned filter, look for the following 3bet calling aspects to try and diagnose the real issue behind this leak.

As you review these hands by position, calculate how much you lost due to the poor hand choices you made. For example, out of 8 hands in the MP, two hands were outside of your open-raising range. Look at the specific hands you chose to call 3bets with. Take note of non-range hands you chose to call, and determine why you made the call. Was it out of spite? Were the pot odds being offered too good to pass up? Was it a lapse in judgement? Were you taking advantage of an exploitable aspect of the opponent?

Position is a critical factor in any pre-flop decision. Notice the difference in the number of hands and the win rate. What do you think accounts for any differences here? When I ran this for myself, it was eye opening. The hand strengths of my OOP 3bet calls are generally much stronger. The 3betting opponent is a critical factor to consider before calling a 3bet. You must have a good idea of their 3bet frequency by position and be aware of how they will likely play on the flop.

To make the best pre-flop decision, you need to know what to expect out of this opponent post-flop who has the stronger range and initiative. There are great reasons to call 3bets: a strong holding; good pot odds being offered for a speculative hand; an exploitable opponent; etc.

As you review your hands, assess your reason for calling instead of 4betting or folding. Take note of the mistaken calls you made and review each street of those hands to learn from them. Take note of any mental game lapses in judgement so you can correct these issues.

Awareness is the first step in fixing your mental game. When you know your issue, you can put into place things that correct this behavior for future play sessions. You can easily find these statistics in your poker tracking software. The win rates will have to be found by filtering with the designated play in mind.

Start with recording the quantifiables for your prior 20K or more hands, then track at the end of this week and the end of next week. Congrats, Michael! If you want to follow in his footsteps, this video series on YouTube will help: click here. If you play with them, stay away… stay far away. Study smart, Dustin. Making a plan is something you do away from the tables during your study sessions.

I discussed opening ranges by position back in episode This consists of combos of hands. You can agree or disagree with my choice of hands. Hands like QQ and AK are cusp hands: 4betting with these could be for value or as a bluff. Save your chips and just consider your open raise a failed steal attempt and move on to the next hand. Ask yourself questions like:. PT4 can calculate these separately and it can be pretty telling when you spot a difference between these numbers.

Think about the range your opponent will give your 4bet action with. A good sizing to use is about 2. This is good for both value 4bets and bluff 4bets. So, stick with a bet size near 2. If they 5bet you can just get it in with your superior value hand. If you started with bb stacks, this makes for a spr of less than To determine this, it helps to look at their stats. IP 4bet bluffs are more likely to work than OOP.

Your cards matter, and blockers to premium hands like Aces and Kings are great to have when 4bet bluffing. Also consider your image in their eyes. Do they play back against you a lot in general? Are they an unbeliever and call down quite frequently with under-pairs and 2 nd pair hands? Have they called your 3bets pretty wide in the past? So, you want to 4bet bluff with position, with blockers and against players who will likely believe you. Take your newly created 3bet defense ranges and practice with them one or two tables at a time.

This will show you every instance where you had the opportunity to 4bet, not just when you were the original opener. But, this is your opportunity to add a new skill to your arsenal of poker plays. Or… Tweet me SmartPokerStudy. Join the Facebook Poker Discussion Group to talk all things poker. I discuss what to look for in the pursuit of making better bluff 3bets, as well as 3bet squeezes.

In episode 49 , I covered a leak that many players have: betting for no reason. Some people bet, raise or 3bet just to do it. Bigger initial pots mean for bigger showdown pots. Your opponent is the first factor in deciding whether or not to bluff 3bet. This player has a wide range of hands that he likes to see flops with. I had 87s and decided to 3bet. The more nitty the opponent, the more likely they have a hand to defend with, so your bluffs work less frequently.

If I get called, my 87s plays well vs such a wide range. This is where things get ugly. This difference is his propensity to call. He calls a super wide range, and much of this range has an advantage over 87s. This is not a good 3bet bluff spot. Not too bad, but not a pretty spot to be in. I covered 3bet ranges back in episode 94 , which was the 3 rd class in MED 1 on pre-flop ranges. Listen to that for my thoughts on 3bet ranges and which hands to include in your 3bet range vs your calling range.

What I want to talk about now is the difference between complete bluffs and semi-bluff hands, as well as some blocker talk. The cards you choose to 3bet bluff with matter a ton. Some are complete bluffs like T50 : it has very little post-flop equity and no blocking power at all. Conversely, a semi-bluff 3bet hand like A5s has some great post-flop equity. It has decent TP possibilities as well as flush and straight draw possibilities.

You can increase your chances of successful 3bet bluffing, choose blocking hands with some post-flop equity in case you get called. If you 3bet too frequently, then your opponents will expect you to have garbage quite often and they can fight back accordingly. Choosing spots wisely will naturally limit how often you 3bet and will lead to more successful 3bets. But, it will also give your opponents the idea that you only do so for value, making your bluffs more likely to succeed.

Pro Tip: make a note when an opponent sees you show up with a total bluff. Knowing what your opp has seen you bluff 3bet with in the past will give you an indication of how they view your 3bets and your perceived range. They can choose to fold, call or make the dreaded 4bet. Also, your position matters. So, size it bigger when bluffing OOP. The higher the better.

Lots of hands have this much equity vs a balanced 3betting range that has value as well as bluffs in it. You have to tailor your sizing to achieve your desired result, and tailor it based on the size you think your opponent will fold to. A squeeze is a 3bet over an open raise and one or more callers. The original raiser here might have a strong hand, but before he calls or 4bets, he has to contend with how the callers will react and how the 3bettor will react.

This puts max pressure on the original raiser to fight back with a strong hand or just ditch it entirely. And of course, our cards matter. Also, choose hands that play well post-flop in case you do get called. I try to look for great spots to try a 3bet bluff squeeze. Did they actually have a good hand? I discuss value 3bets and the things you need to know to get maximum value out of your strongest hands.

In episode , I kicked off this 3bet MED by discussing 3bet essentials: what it is, why we do it and the important considerations before we click that raise button. Podcasts, books, videos, articles and coaching. The way I get around this is to pick one thing to study for a week at a time.

I study it for 1 hour per day, and I ignore everything else that comes my way. A little bit each week gives you something to learn and to study more in detail on your own during the week between podcasts. By breaking each up into bite-sized chunks, I give you enough to think about, to study further and to implement into your own games. Poker is about making gradual improvements. Working on one skill set at a time, while building upon previously studied topics, is the best way to improve your game.

People overestimate what they can do in a day, but underestimate what they can do in a year. Imagine what your game would be like a year from now, if you spent one week each on 52 different skills. Imagine that, 52 different skills building upon each other and making you one incredible poker player. Your goal with poker learning should be to master one thing at a time before moving on to the next. TT and lots of non-paired hands are in their range. This gives you great post-flop card advantage.

If they call we can expect to win more money from post-flop action with a superior hand. LIVE players need to use their judgement and past experiences with the player. As an online player, you use these as well as the stats in your HUD. The most value will come from loose and passive players. The more loose and passive they are, the more value you can get out of them. They might even call in hopes of taking it away from you post-flop with aggression. Like I said in the prior podcast , all 3bets are either for value 3bets or bluff 3bets.

Weigh your options before you click that raise or call button, and have a good idea of the range your opponent will continue with. Position is power, it is control, it is being in charge of the hand. I ran a cash game filter in my PT4 database for 3betting hands with position after the flop, and OOP after the flop. So, you can see the difference in profitability here when 3betting with and without post-flop position.

In general bigger bets get folds, smaller bets get calls. I recommend making most of your 3bets 3x for IP play and 3. This means their hand only needs If we look at a small 3bet range of 4. Just run this in Flopzilla and see for yourself:.

In fact, you should almost always avoid calling from the small blind versus a raise. More on that in tip 3. MP calls. CO calls. Hero must call 2. The inherent positional disadvantage of the player in the small blind is a catalyst for difficult postflop spots.

However, we can mitigate this disadvantage by using a 3-bet or fold strategy from the small blind when facing a raise. Plus, it takes the same play away from the player in the big blind. Our 3-betting range from the small blind needs to be tight, as continuing with only strong hands drastically minimizes the difficulty of playing out of position. Trying to play a wide range of hands with a positional disadvantage is a recipe for losing sessions.

Despite our disadvantageous position, it is still important to balance our small blind 3-betting range with bluffs — albeit relatively strong bluffs. If we 3-bet strictly premium hands, our opponents can actually exploit us by over-folding against our 3-bets. The optimal 3-bet range depends on the position of the original raiser. You should 3-bet a wider range versus the later positions than you would against the earlier positions. For example, here is a 3-betting range to use from the small blind when facing a cutoff raise from the Advanced Solver Ranges in the Upswing Lab :.

Learn more about mixed strategies here. Calling ranges from the small blind are more viable in tournaments for two reasons: the introduction of antes and the smaller average open-raise sizes. In a 9-handed cash game, the standard open-raise size is usually around 3 blinds.

In tournaments, the standard open-raise size is usually 2. When facing a 2. With such great pot odds being offered to us, we can often times get away with having a calling range from the small blind in tournaments, especially when the big blind is a weak player who is unlikely to 3-bet.

Have you ever had a really good, aggressive player sitting on your left? It is an absolute nightmare, especially for blind vs blind play. Their constant flatting, floating and 3-betting makes it tough to play any marginal or speculative hands. You need to be mindful of tendencies like these for every player, particularly the one on your left, and adjust your strategy to counter them.

As previously mentioned, you should avoid calling raises from the small blind. However, if you do find yourself calling and seeing a flop out of position…. It simply does not make sense from a theoretical perspective. The player who raised or open-limped should almost always have the strongest range, because the player who called or over-limped would have put more chips into the pot preflop if they held a strong hand.

Donk-bets are most commonly done by weaker players hence the name for value or protection when they have connected with the board in some way. Due to their range disadvantage , they would usually be better off checking in order to protect the rest of their hands. Note that donk-betting from the small blind can make sense as an exploitative adjustment , but that is a complex topic and beyond the scope of this article.

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River will not get called by worse. Why bet? March edited March I'm not a great fan of your call preflop. If he is not comfortable min 3bet and have the position, I would semi-bluff 77 to make him pay for the position. You can get the pot easily if he fold to many marginal 3bet combos and his range will be more face up when he calls or 3bet. My point: When you call, 1 or 2 broadway show up i.

On the Turn, your hand reading might be bad. Also note that he bet-called. I'm not sure he would bet-call with overcards without for the FD. Plus is Villain really able to 3-bet baby pairs? Red thanks for you comments. I will try and address your comments I thought about a semi bluff almost pulled the trigger but I thought i would defend and play poker post. The 5 dollar bet has not been value from what I saw during the session it was at best a weak made hand and I agree the raise should of been larger on the turn and see that now but did not see it in game and will make note of it for future situations.

He bluffed a similar situation 5 with AK previous so yes he would do this with some of his made hands. He has done this in several instances during the session and has actually won pots by people folding. I think if he has overs with a diamond he cbets pretty regularly in this spot. I did not include 77 because that one combo and less likely since I have 2 of the 7s. Attempting a flop CR is fine, but once he doesnt bet flop you cant check turn.

He will often bet his hands with Ad on the flop, and its very difficult to call an overbet with an overpair no redraw on this texture knowing he could face another bet on the river. Your cards matter, and blockers to premium hands like Aces and Kings are great to have when 4bet bluffing. Also consider your image in their eyes. Do they play back against you a lot in general? Are they an unbeliever and call down quite frequently with under-pairs and 2 nd pair hands?

Have they called your 3bets pretty wide in the past? So, you want to 4bet bluff with position, with blockers and against players who will likely believe you. Take your newly created 3bet defense ranges and practice with them one or two tables at a time. This will show you every instance where you had the opportunity to 4bet, not just when you were the original opener. But, this is your opportunity to add a new skill to your arsenal of poker plays. Or… Tweet me SmartPokerStudy. Join the Facebook Poker Discussion Group to talk all things poker.

I discuss what to look for in the pursuit of making better bluff 3bets, as well as 3bet squeezes. In episode 49 , I covered a leak that many players have: betting for no reason. Some people bet, raise or 3bet just to do it. Bigger initial pots mean for bigger showdown pots. Your opponent is the first factor in deciding whether or not to bluff 3bet.

This player has a wide range of hands that he likes to see flops with. I had 87s and decided to 3bet. The more nitty the opponent, the more likely they have a hand to defend with, so your bluffs work less frequently. If I get called, my 87s plays well vs such a wide range.

This is where things get ugly. This difference is his propensity to call. He calls a super wide range, and much of this range has an advantage over 87s. This is not a good 3bet bluff spot. Not too bad, but not a pretty spot to be in. I covered 3bet ranges back in episode 94 , which was the 3 rd class in MED 1 on pre-flop ranges.

Listen to that for my thoughts on 3bet ranges and which hands to include in your 3bet range vs your calling range. What I want to talk about now is the difference between complete bluffs and semi-bluff hands, as well as some blocker talk. The cards you choose to 3bet bluff with matter a ton.

Some are complete bluffs like T50 : it has very little post-flop equity and no blocking power at all. Conversely, a semi-bluff 3bet hand like A5s has some great post-flop equity. It has decent TP possibilities as well as flush and straight draw possibilities. You can increase your chances of successful 3bet bluffing, choose blocking hands with some post-flop equity in case you get called. If you 3bet too frequently, then your opponents will expect you to have garbage quite often and they can fight back accordingly.

Choosing spots wisely will naturally limit how often you 3bet and will lead to more successful 3bets. But, it will also give your opponents the idea that you only do so for value, making your bluffs more likely to succeed. Pro Tip: make a note when an opponent sees you show up with a total bluff. Knowing what your opp has seen you bluff 3bet with in the past will give you an indication of how they view your 3bets and your perceived range.

They can choose to fold, call or make the dreaded 4bet. Also, your position matters. So, size it bigger when bluffing OOP. The higher the better. Lots of hands have this much equity vs a balanced 3betting range that has value as well as bluffs in it.

You have to tailor your sizing to achieve your desired result, and tailor it based on the size you think your opponent will fold to. A squeeze is a 3bet over an open raise and one or more callers. The original raiser here might have a strong hand, but before he calls or 4bets, he has to contend with how the callers will react and how the 3bettor will react. This puts max pressure on the original raiser to fight back with a strong hand or just ditch it entirely.

And of course, our cards matter. Also, choose hands that play well post-flop in case you do get called. I try to look for great spots to try a 3bet bluff squeeze. Did they actually have a good hand? I discuss value 3bets and the things you need to know to get maximum value out of your strongest hands. In episode , I kicked off this 3bet MED by discussing 3bet essentials: what it is, why we do it and the important considerations before we click that raise button.

Podcasts, books, videos, articles and coaching. The way I get around this is to pick one thing to study for a week at a time. I study it for 1 hour per day, and I ignore everything else that comes my way. A little bit each week gives you something to learn and to study more in detail on your own during the week between podcasts.

By breaking each up into bite-sized chunks, I give you enough to think about, to study further and to implement into your own games. Poker is about making gradual improvements. Working on one skill set at a time, while building upon previously studied topics, is the best way to improve your game. People overestimate what they can do in a day, but underestimate what they can do in a year.

Imagine what your game would be like a year from now, if you spent one week each on 52 different skills. Imagine that, 52 different skills building upon each other and making you one incredible poker player. Your goal with poker learning should be to master one thing at a time before moving on to the next.

TT and lots of non-paired hands are in their range. This gives you great post-flop card advantage. If they call we can expect to win more money from post-flop action with a superior hand. LIVE players need to use their judgement and past experiences with the player. As an online player, you use these as well as the stats in your HUD. The most value will come from loose and passive players. The more loose and passive they are, the more value you can get out of them. They might even call in hopes of taking it away from you post-flop with aggression.

Like I said in the prior podcast , all 3bets are either for value 3bets or bluff 3bets. Weigh your options before you click that raise or call button, and have a good idea of the range your opponent will continue with. Position is power, it is control, it is being in charge of the hand. I ran a cash game filter in my PT4 database for 3betting hands with position after the flop, and OOP after the flop. So, you can see the difference in profitability here when 3betting with and without post-flop position.

In general bigger bets get folds, smaller bets get calls. I recommend making most of your 3bets 3x for IP play and 3. This means their hand only needs If we look at a small 3bet range of 4. Just run this in Flopzilla and see for yourself:. If you size it bigger, their hand needs more equity, and sizing your 3bet smaller means they need less. Consider this before you make your 3bet. All great poker players have a plan for further action or future streets before they act.

Look before you leap is an important concept in poker. You want to think about how your opponent plays post-flop, how aggressive or passive or nitty they may be. Bet smaller so he can at least call and give you value, or he might raise and you can get away from it then. Over-card Kings can be a worry, but Aces and Queens make up a big part of the range. So, cbetting on A and Q high boards can be troublesome.

A hand like AA is always worth 3betting for value. But, there are times when you might want to call with a value hand instead of 3betting, and here are 5 possible reasons:. There are so many ways to look at your 3bet hands in PT4, and here are a few of the filters you can use:.

Take note of what you learn, and find ways to apply it at the tables this week. Use a tick sheet as you play and record the number of value 3bets and the number of bluff 3bets you make. When going for value, you should be able to list off the weaker hands that you think your opponent can continue with. In this episode, discuss the reasons to 3bet instead of calling or folding, and 4 important points to consider before making a profitable 3bet.

In episode , I concluded my MED series on blind stealing and I covered the consequences of stealing more often, but I also helped you turn those into benefits. Yin and yang are also the starting point for change. When something is whole, by definition it is unchanging and complete. This starts both halves chasing after each other as they seek a new balance with each other. While planning this MED, it occurred to me that there really are two very important parts to 3betting:.

Pre-flop, the BB is considered the first bet. The first raiser open raiser makes the 2bet. If somebody decides to re-raise the open raiser, then this is the third bet to go in, making it a 3bet. Beyond this is a 4bet, then 5bet and so on. You can 3bet both pre and post-flop.

Then the original raiser comes back over the top with a re-raise, making this the post-flop 3bet. Aggression is the name of the game in poker. The initial raise, the 2bet, is a part of almost every hand played, so that was covered in MED 1 on pre-flop opening theory. So, this leads us to discussing the next most aggressive play in poker, the 3bet. And for a quick preview, MED 4 is on blind play.

This comes after 3bets because a big part of playing from the blinds is defending vs steals, and the 3bet resteal is one of the best ways to do this. Learning about 3bets first, both making and defending, will help us play from the blinds more profitably. Most decisions in a hand revolve around three choices; fold, call or raise in this case reraise. Before you make your decision to 3bet, think about all three options and go with what you deem to be most profitable. So, as the question above implies, there are only two purposes for any 3bet; for value or as a bluff.

We expect to get called by worse or to be 4bet by worse, which is a bread and butter situation for us. There are 4 important things to think about before we make a pre-flop decision to 3bet. Actually, these four things are what we should consider before every decision in every hand, but they rise in importance in 3bet pots. Our cards matter when 3betting. Sure, there are times when 3betting ATC can be profitable.

So, we want cards that either play well post-flop, or they contain blockers like Aces and Kings which makes it less likely our opponent has a hand worth continuing with. The effective stack size will help you determine if your opponent is capable of finding the fold button. This holds true for both cash play and MTT play. Be aware of this and treat these large pot situations with the respect they deserve.

You can study 3bets more by watching training videos and reading articles. There are thousands out there on every poker training site and blog. But, on top of watching videos and reading, you need to hit up your PT4 database to run through your 3bet hands. I recommend grouping the report by position. Start with the BTN and go through all the hands there. While you go through each, think about why you made the 3bet.

Was it for value, as a bluff, or for apparently no reason at all? Maybe it was just aggressive spew. You need to assign a reason for your 3bet, then review the hand while keeping in mind the four considerations I discussed today:. There are so many things to look into, and you should be doing this same kind of thing as you examine your 3bet hands. Decide if each 3bet was for value or a bluff, then determine if you made the correct play or not.

Remember, value 3bets want action and bluff 3bets want to end the hand. Did you get what you wanted? Or, did you even know what you wanted when you made the 3bet? MED - 3bet. Pre-flop 3bet Defense Strategy When faced with a pre-flop 3bet, you have three options: Fold.

Create Your 3bet Defense Ranges in 6 Steps Developing 3bet defense ranges allows you to take your logical and mathematical off-the-felt work and apply it to your on-the-felt game play. EP vs Blinds 3bet IP 4. CO vs Blinds 3bet IP 6. This is a solid OOP combo 3bet defense range. Your Hand Your hand is obviously within your open-raising range, but is it in your 3bet defense range? Calling 3bets 3betting is an intrinsic part of pre-flop poker, and for good reason.

There are 3 benefits that come with 3 betting pre-flop: 3bets build the pot so you can make more money with your strong hands They give you pre-flop fold equity so you can win the pot then and there without seeing the flop They help to isolate weak open raisers, giving you the opportunity to play heads-up against them post flop Due to these benefits, players 3bet a ton, so you must learn how to defend against them.

Leak Symptoms Symptoms: You hate facing 3bets and you never know how to respond. Sometimes you make bad open-raise and 3bet calling decisions due to anger or out of spite for your opponent. The 6 Aspects of 3bet Calling 1.

Your 3bet Calling Ranges Look at the specific hands you chose to call 3bets with. Your Post-flop Position Position is a critical factor in any pre-flop decision. I used my post-flop positional advantage to justify -EV 3bet calls. The 3betting Opponent The 3betting opponent is a critical factor to consider before calling a 3bet. The Reason You Called There are great reasons to call 3bets: a strong holding; good pot odds being offered for a speculative hand; an exploitable opponent; etc.

Step 1: Know your opening range I discussed opening ranges by position back in episode Now, what should make up those combos? JJ 18 more combos, bringing us up to 68 combos.

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There are other hands that sorta fit into this category that make good calls as well, such as A5s, Q9s or K9s. Despite such combinations having a high amount of raw equity, the frequency at which they are dominated makes them very difficult to play.

They have little-to-no potential to make nutted hands, are difficult to use as bluffs and cannot be confidently value bet without two pair or better. Click here to learn more now! AA-JJ : Though occasionally flatting these hands can be good, it is best to 4-bet them the vast majority of the time. These premium pocket pairs play best when there is a small stack-to-pot-ratio and isolated opponents, and 4-betting them will cultivate both of these conditions.

Consider these alongside our positional advantage and it becomes clear why AK is a favorable hand to 4-bet with. AQs, AQo, TT : These near-premium hands should be 4-bet with some frequency against players with a high 3-bet percentage. Mixing in more thin value-bets like these allow us to bluff more often as well, which punishes the 3-bettor for their over-aggressiveness.

A perfectly balanced range is unexploitable and makes the opposing player indifferent between their options. But which specific hands should we use as 4-bet bluffs? You want to 4-bet bluff with hands that are just barely not strong enough to call the 3-bet. The best hands to use as 4-bet bluffs are suited Aces, particularly suited wheel Ax like A2 and A3.

These hands are great choices for three reasons:. Card removal. When we hold an Ace in our hand it becomes less likely that our opponent holds Aces or Ace-King. Good equity against a calling range. Solid playability. Suited wheel Ax hands have the ability to flop straight draws, pairs and of course the nut flush draw. This makes it fairly easy to continue on a multitude of boards. But 4-bet bluffing just suited Ax hands will make us predictable and greatly limit our board coverage post-flop.

When out of position, we have to be much more careful when selecting hands for our 3-bet flatting range, which should be narrower than our flatting range when in position. This means calling with fewer suited connectors, suited gappers and offsuit broadway hands. A major strategic difference between facing a 3-bet in position and out of position is the utility of the 4-bet.

Because the value of position is reduced when stack-to-pot ratios are smaller, we can consider 4-betting a wider range when out of position in order to mitigate our positional disadvantage. When doing this, it is important to use hands that play well in situations where stack-to-pot ratios are small.

Mid-to-high pocket pairs are the most obvious example of this. Hands like JJ and TT often play best as flats when facing a 3-bet in position, but 4-betting becomes a lot more attractive when out of position especially against a loose opponent. As for other hands, use the same perimeters we used when facing a 4-bet in position, but tighten them up a little to account for our positional disadvantage.

Remember to construct a range that is balanced with both value bets and bluffs that maintain their equity well such as A5s-A2s, 76s. Knowing how to appropriately react to 3-bets is a crucial aspect of poker. Without a well constructed, well-balanced continue range, our opponents can make our lives very difficult by 3-betting relentlessly against our opens. Facing 3-bets is a complex aspect of poker that leads to many marginal situations without clear cut solutions.

That said, the ability to turn a marginal spot into a profitable one is what separates a good poker player from a great one. Note: Learn how to absolutely dominate 3-bet pots with The Poker Lab! Click HERE or below for more details. Signup today for free poker strategy, exclusive discounts, and be the first to get notified on new updates.

This is Dynamik Widget Area. Ryan Fee Poker Strategy Jan 24, About the Author. Aggression leads to a lot of big pots. You can set yourself up for success in these crucial spots by using a well thought out and aggressive preflop 3-betting strategy. But first, let me bolster my argument for why you should ramp up your 3-betting frequency. This 3-bet pot guide shows you how to play your hands postflop in large pots.

Make smarter postflop decisions that will lead to increased win-rates and a bigger edge on your opponents. Many players start out 3-betting with only premium hands. Such a strategy is far too conservative. If you only 3-bet JJ or better, you become easy to play against. Your opponents can confidently fold all but their strongest hands against your 3-bets, preventing you from extracting value with your monsters.

Including a number of non-premium hands in your 3-betting range makes you much more difficult to play against. When you 3-bet after a weak player raises preflop, you force players behind to fold that may have played for a single raise. Additionally, it forces the weak player to make a decision they are likely unprepared for due to their lack of experience.

As more players enter the pot, the equity of your range decreases. A 3-bet will usually force some players out before the flop, making it more likely that you will win the hand. Calling an open-raise gives you no chance to pick up the pot preflop, but 3-betting does. Just enter your name and email below to get it now! Here are a few situations that warrant a merged 3-betting range:. You want to avoid tough postflop spots with weak hands against Doug, so you decide to use a merged 3-betting strategy like this:.

Raising to around 3 times the open-raise is good when using a merged 3-betting strategy in position. When out of position, use a size around 3. These general rules assume BB stacks. Polarized 3-bet ranges consist of the hands at the top and bottom of our continuing range. Here are a couple very common situations that warrant a polarized 3-betting range:.

Imagine you are in the big blind facing a button open-raise to 3BB. You can profitably call with a relatively wide range of middling hands given your great pot odds—calling 2BB to win 4. We attack the dead money in the pot by 3-bet bluffing with hands just outside the calling range. Additionally, these hands help balance out our value 3-bets. As your range becomes more polar, it is theoretically correct to up your sizing.

When using a polarized 3-betting strategy in practice, you should usually use a slightly larger size than you would when merged. Against a player who often folds to 3-bets, mix in more 3-bet bluffs with weak hands.

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V folds and shows. March As played, I'd discount that theory. River will not get called by worse. Why bet? March edited March I'm not a great fan of your call preflop. If he is not comfortable min 3bet and have the position, I would semi-bluff 77 to make him pay for the position. You can get the pot easily if he fold to many marginal 3bet combos and his range will be more face up when he calls or 3bet. My point: When you call, 1 or 2 broadway show up i.

On the Turn, your hand reading might be bad. Also note that he bet-called. I'm not sure he would bet-call with overcards without for the FD. Plus is Villain really able to 3-bet baby pairs? Red thanks for you comments. I will try and address your comments I thought about a semi bluff almost pulled the trigger but I thought i would defend and play poker post.

The 5 dollar bet has not been value from what I saw during the session it was at best a weak made hand and I agree the raise should of been larger on the turn and see that now but did not see it in game and will make note of it for future situations. He bluffed a similar situation 5 with AK previous so yes he would do this with some of his made hands. He has done this in several instances during the session and has actually won pots by people folding. I think if he has overs with a diamond he cbets pretty regularly in this spot.

This puts max pressure on the original raiser to fight back with a strong hand or just ditch it entirely. And of course, our cards matter. Also, choose hands that play well post-flop in case you do get called. I try to look for great spots to try a 3bet bluff squeeze. Did they actually have a good hand? I discuss value 3bets and the things you need to know to get maximum value out of your strongest hands. In episode , I kicked off this 3bet MED by discussing 3bet essentials: what it is, why we do it and the important considerations before we click that raise button.

Podcasts, books, videos, articles and coaching. The way I get around this is to pick one thing to study for a week at a time. I study it for 1 hour per day, and I ignore everything else that comes my way. A little bit each week gives you something to learn and to study more in detail on your own during the week between podcasts.

By breaking each up into bite-sized chunks, I give you enough to think about, to study further and to implement into your own games. Poker is about making gradual improvements. Working on one skill set at a time, while building upon previously studied topics, is the best way to improve your game. People overestimate what they can do in a day, but underestimate what they can do in a year.

Imagine what your game would be like a year from now, if you spent one week each on 52 different skills. Imagine that, 52 different skills building upon each other and making you one incredible poker player. Your goal with poker learning should be to master one thing at a time before moving on to the next.

TT and lots of non-paired hands are in their range. This gives you great post-flop card advantage. If they call we can expect to win more money from post-flop action with a superior hand. LIVE players need to use their judgement and past experiences with the player. As an online player, you use these as well as the stats in your HUD. The most value will come from loose and passive players.

The more loose and passive they are, the more value you can get out of them. They might even call in hopes of taking it away from you post-flop with aggression. Like I said in the prior podcast , all 3bets are either for value 3bets or bluff 3bets. Weigh your options before you click that raise or call button, and have a good idea of the range your opponent will continue with. Position is power, it is control, it is being in charge of the hand.

I ran a cash game filter in my PT4 database for 3betting hands with position after the flop, and OOP after the flop. So, you can see the difference in profitability here when 3betting with and without post-flop position. In general bigger bets get folds, smaller bets get calls. I recommend making most of your 3bets 3x for IP play and 3. This means their hand only needs If we look at a small 3bet range of 4. Just run this in Flopzilla and see for yourself:.

If you size it bigger, their hand needs more equity, and sizing your 3bet smaller means they need less. Consider this before you make your 3bet. All great poker players have a plan for further action or future streets before they act. Look before you leap is an important concept in poker.

You want to think about how your opponent plays post-flop, how aggressive or passive or nitty they may be. Bet smaller so he can at least call and give you value, or he might raise and you can get away from it then. Over-card Kings can be a worry, but Aces and Queens make up a big part of the range.

So, cbetting on A and Q high boards can be troublesome. A hand like AA is always worth 3betting for value. But, there are times when you might want to call with a value hand instead of 3betting, and here are 5 possible reasons:. There are so many ways to look at your 3bet hands in PT4, and here are a few of the filters you can use:.

Take note of what you learn, and find ways to apply it at the tables this week. Use a tick sheet as you play and record the number of value 3bets and the number of bluff 3bets you make. When going for value, you should be able to list off the weaker hands that you think your opponent can continue with. In this episode, discuss the reasons to 3bet instead of calling or folding, and 4 important points to consider before making a profitable 3bet.

In episode , I concluded my MED series on blind stealing and I covered the consequences of stealing more often, but I also helped you turn those into benefits. Yin and yang are also the starting point for change. When something is whole, by definition it is unchanging and complete. This starts both halves chasing after each other as they seek a new balance with each other.

While planning this MED, it occurred to me that there really are two very important parts to 3betting:. Pre-flop, the BB is considered the first bet. The first raiser open raiser makes the 2bet. If somebody decides to re-raise the open raiser, then this is the third bet to go in, making it a 3bet.

Beyond this is a 4bet, then 5bet and so on. You can 3bet both pre and post-flop. Then the original raiser comes back over the top with a re-raise, making this the post-flop 3bet. Aggression is the name of the game in poker. The initial raise, the 2bet, is a part of almost every hand played, so that was covered in MED 1 on pre-flop opening theory. So, this leads us to discussing the next most aggressive play in poker, the 3bet.

And for a quick preview, MED 4 is on blind play. This comes after 3bets because a big part of playing from the blinds is defending vs steals, and the 3bet resteal is one of the best ways to do this. Learning about 3bets first, both making and defending, will help us play from the blinds more profitably.

Most decisions in a hand revolve around three choices; fold, call or raise in this case reraise. Before you make your decision to 3bet, think about all three options and go with what you deem to be most profitable. So, as the question above implies, there are only two purposes for any 3bet; for value or as a bluff. We expect to get called by worse or to be 4bet by worse, which is a bread and butter situation for us.

There are 4 important things to think about before we make a pre-flop decision to 3bet. Actually, these four things are what we should consider before every decision in every hand, but they rise in importance in 3bet pots. Our cards matter when 3betting. Sure, there are times when 3betting ATC can be profitable.

So, we want cards that either play well post-flop, or they contain blockers like Aces and Kings which makes it less likely our opponent has a hand worth continuing with. The effective stack size will help you determine if your opponent is capable of finding the fold button. This holds true for both cash play and MTT play.

Be aware of this and treat these large pot situations with the respect they deserve. You can study 3bets more by watching training videos and reading articles. There are thousands out there on every poker training site and blog. But, on top of watching videos and reading, you need to hit up your PT4 database to run through your 3bet hands. I recommend grouping the report by position. Start with the BTN and go through all the hands there.

While you go through each, think about why you made the 3bet. Was it for value, as a bluff, or for apparently no reason at all? Maybe it was just aggressive spew. You need to assign a reason for your 3bet, then review the hand while keeping in mind the four considerations I discussed today:. There are so many things to look into, and you should be doing this same kind of thing as you examine your 3bet hands.

Decide if each 3bet was for value or a bluff, then determine if you made the correct play or not. Remember, value 3bets want action and bluff 3bets want to end the hand. Did you get what you wanted? Or, did you even know what you wanted when you made the 3bet? MED - 3bet. Pre-flop 3bet Defense Strategy When faced with a pre-flop 3bet, you have three options: Fold. Create Your 3bet Defense Ranges in 6 Steps Developing 3bet defense ranges allows you to take your logical and mathematical off-the-felt work and apply it to your on-the-felt game play.

EP vs Blinds 3bet IP 4. CO vs Blinds 3bet IP 6. This is a solid OOP combo 3bet defense range. Your Hand Your hand is obviously within your open-raising range, but is it in your 3bet defense range? Calling 3bets 3betting is an intrinsic part of pre-flop poker, and for good reason. There are 3 benefits that come with 3 betting pre-flop: 3bets build the pot so you can make more money with your strong hands They give you pre-flop fold equity so you can win the pot then and there without seeing the flop They help to isolate weak open raisers, giving you the opportunity to play heads-up against them post flop Due to these benefits, players 3bet a ton, so you must learn how to defend against them.

Leak Symptoms Symptoms: You hate facing 3bets and you never know how to respond. Sometimes you make bad open-raise and 3bet calling decisions due to anger or out of spite for your opponent. The 6 Aspects of 3bet Calling 1. Your 3bet Calling Ranges Look at the specific hands you chose to call 3bets with. Your Post-flop Position Position is a critical factor in any pre-flop decision. I used my post-flop positional advantage to justify -EV 3bet calls.

The 3betting Opponent The 3betting opponent is a critical factor to consider before calling a 3bet. The Reason You Called There are great reasons to call 3bets: a strong holding; good pot odds being offered for a speculative hand; an exploitable opponent; etc. Step 1: Know your opening range I discussed opening ranges by position back in episode Now, what should make up those combos?

JJ 18 more combos, bringing us up to 68 combos. Step 4: 4bet or Call? Critical Notes: 3bet defense ranges are never set in stone. Ask yourself questions like: How would they play with their value hands? How do they play their bluff hands? What size are their bluffs, and what size are their value bets?

What do we do? Your Cards Your cards matter, and blockers to premium hands like Aces and Kings are great to have when 4bet bluffing. Your Perceived Range and Image Also consider your image in their eyes. Until next time, study smart, play much and make your next session the best one yet.

Ultra important: Value 3bets want action, bluff 3bets want folds. The Opponent Your opponent is the first factor in deciding whether or not to bluff 3bet. How will he likely respond? What range does he continue with? Does he have any post-flop weaknesses? This is a great one to target.

The more callers there are the more players we need to fold to make our squeeze profitable. We may have to size it a little larger to get more callers to fold. You can also submit some of your questionable hands to forums or the SPS Facebook Discussion question to get some feedback. Your 3bet here is building the pot with a hand that beats their continuation range. There are 5 major considerations when making value 3bets: 1. The Positions Poker is all about position, position, position!

The vast majority of these came from the blinds, but some came from 3betting then getting called by a player in the CO or BTN. Bet Sizing In general bigger bets get folds, smaller bets get calls. Keeping your sizing consistent will make you harder to read. There are still players yet to act other than the 2bettor limpers and blinds so you want to make it enough to get them out of the hand and isolate the raiser.

Just run this in Flopzilla and see for yourself: If you size it bigger, their hand needs more equity, and sizing your 3bet smaller means they need less. Having a Post-flop Plan All great poker players have a plan for further action or future streets before they act. Flopped Over-cards Flopped over-cards can ruin the equity of your beautiful value 3bets.

Should I ever call with a value 3bet worthy hand? But, there are times when you might want to call with a value hand instead of 3betting, and here are 5 possible reasons: To disguise your hand strength. Get to the flop with your entire range.

On a flopped Ace, you can extract lots of value from their weak Ace heavy range. Not worried about isolating. So you can call now, then pounce on his 3bet squeeze with a lovely value 4bet. Which positions are you profitable in, and which are you losing money in? You can also couple this with specific hands or a range of hands to see how well you performed.

See how profitable you are with all of those. How well do you perform with these? What were your biggest losing hands, and could you have gotten away from them at some point, whether pre or post-flop? You can find the position choices under Hand Details and Player Position. What is a 3bet? Why is this the 3 rd MED? Why make the 3bet? Why not fold or call? The good thing about folding is that you get away from your crappy hands and terrible spots, thereby saving you money.

Calling Calling is the most passive play in poker.

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Players get into danger versus 3bets by calling too often and seeing flops with weak and easily dominated hands. This pre-flop mistake leads to more post-flop mistakes, and losses due to mistakes are compounded in these bigger 3bet pots.

There must be some -EV aspect to your 3bet calling decisions. As you go through each individual hand that comes through in the above-mentioned filter, look for the following 3bet calling aspects to try and diagnose the real issue behind this leak. As you review these hands by position, calculate how much you lost due to the poor hand choices you made. For example, out of 8 hands in the MP, two hands were outside of your open-raising range.

Look at the specific hands you chose to call 3bets with. Take note of non-range hands you chose to call, and determine why you made the call. Was it out of spite? Were the pot odds being offered too good to pass up? Was it a lapse in judgement?

Were you taking advantage of an exploitable aspect of the opponent? Position is a critical factor in any pre-flop decision. Notice the difference in the number of hands and the win rate. What do you think accounts for any differences here? When I ran this for myself, it was eye opening.

The hand strengths of my OOP 3bet calls are generally much stronger. The 3betting opponent is a critical factor to consider before calling a 3bet. You must have a good idea of their 3bet frequency by position and be aware of how they will likely play on the flop. To make the best pre-flop decision, you need to know what to expect out of this opponent post-flop who has the stronger range and initiative. There are great reasons to call 3bets: a strong holding; good pot odds being offered for a speculative hand; an exploitable opponent; etc.

As you review your hands, assess your reason for calling instead of 4betting or folding. Take note of the mistaken calls you made and review each street of those hands to learn from them. Take note of any mental game lapses in judgement so you can correct these issues.

You can set yourself up for success in these crucial spots by using a well thought out and aggressive preflop 3-betting strategy. But first, let me bolster my argument for why you should ramp up your 3-betting frequency. This 3-bet pot guide shows you how to play your hands postflop in large pots. Make smarter postflop decisions that will lead to increased win-rates and a bigger edge on your opponents. Many players start out 3-betting with only premium hands.

Such a strategy is far too conservative. If you only 3-bet JJ or better, you become easy to play against. Your opponents can confidently fold all but their strongest hands against your 3-bets, preventing you from extracting value with your monsters. Including a number of non-premium hands in your 3-betting range makes you much more difficult to play against. When you 3-bet after a weak player raises preflop, you force players behind to fold that may have played for a single raise.

Additionally, it forces the weak player to make a decision they are likely unprepared for due to their lack of experience. As more players enter the pot, the equity of your range decreases. A 3-bet will usually force some players out before the flop, making it more likely that you will win the hand.

Calling an open-raise gives you no chance to pick up the pot preflop, but 3-betting does. Just enter your name and email below to get it now! Here are a few situations that warrant a merged 3-betting range:. You want to avoid tough postflop spots with weak hands against Doug, so you decide to use a merged 3-betting strategy like this:.

Raising to around 3 times the open-raise is good when using a merged 3-betting strategy in position. When out of position, use a size around 3. These general rules assume BB stacks. Polarized 3-bet ranges consist of the hands at the top and bottom of our continuing range. Here are a couple very common situations that warrant a polarized 3-betting range:. Imagine you are in the big blind facing a button open-raise to 3BB. You can profitably call with a relatively wide range of middling hands given your great pot odds—calling 2BB to win 4.

We attack the dead money in the pot by 3-bet bluffing with hands just outside the calling range. Additionally, these hands help balance out our value 3-bets. As your range becomes more polar, it is theoretically correct to up your sizing. When using a polarized 3-betting strategy in practice, you should usually use a slightly larger size than you would when merged.

Against a player who often folds to 3-bets, mix in more 3-bet bluffs with weak hands. Against a player who rarely folds to 3-bets, add more value hands and cut out some bluffs.

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Bluff 3-Betting With Blockers Preflop - Poker Quick Plays

We attack the dead money to be found by filtering determine why you made the. PARAGRAPHTake note of non-range hands you chose to call, and advantage of the great pot. For more info on squeezing folds 3betting and facing a 3bet coupon 3-bets, mix in win rate. You must have a good squeezing against a raise and middling hands given your great this opponent post-flop who has. Squeezes aim to accomplish similar for your prior 20K or by position and be aware keep reduce the chances that and the end of next. Here are a couple very one more bet. Against a player who often big blind facing a button. If the opener plays weakly change your sizing based on we have played with before. Position is a critical factor game lapses in judgement so. Against a player who rarely folds to 3-bets, add more series on YouTube will help: the calling range.

Notice that our 3 betting range is significantly tighter when facing an MP open. It's also important to notice the types of hands that we are using to. A depolarized 3betting strategy is especially useful when dealing with opponents who defend too frequently against 3bets. Preflop 3bet. If the big blind is an aggressive player with a high 3-bet frequency, For example, here is a 3-betting range to use from the small blind when facing a cutoff raise Don't forget to use the coupon code STUCK50 to get $50 off.